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Pandemic focuses funding on mental health, but advocates say more is needed: Coping through COVID

Pandemic focuses funding on mental health, but advocates say more is needed: Coping through COVID

View article on Cleveland.com 

CLEVELAND, Ohio – Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine’s budget recommendations increase funding for mental health and addiction treatment services that have been vital throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.

The proposals have garnered the support of organizations addressing the challenges created by the pandemic. But do they go far enough to address the potential mental-health fallout of the crisis, which experts say could last even longer than the pandemic itself?

Advocates said the budget recommendations are a significant step. They’re grateful to see an increase amid the crisis, though they say more investments could be needed to create long-term stability for services that have traditionally gone underfunded.

Investing in mental health and behavioral health is critical for Ohio’s “return to normal” after the pandemic, said Scott Osiecki, the CEO of the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Services Board of Cuyahoga County. Issues like anxiety, depression, stress and grief could linger well after the coronavirus vaccine is widely available.

“It’s a basic need, like housing,” Osiecki said. “Behavioral health is really important to the overall health of the community.”

The cleveland.com series “Coping Through COVID” aims to help Northeast Ohio residents manage the stress of COVID-19 by examining by examining the mental health aspects of the pandemic. The series tells individuals’ stories and explores various challenges and coping strategies with experts.

DeWine’s budget recommendations include a 10.9% increase in funding for the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services in fiscal year 2021, and another 1.9% increase in FY 2022. The state legislature could alter any of the recommendations before approving a final budget.

Terry Russell, the executive director of the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) for Ohio, said he is “cautiously optimistic” the legislature will adopt the DeWine’s recommendations. But he cautioned that reducing the proposed level of funding could leave Ohio scrambling to address the fallout from the pandemic.

“Any reduction of that would be a disaster,” he said. “It would literally put the mental health system in crisis.”

For examples, experts point to domestic violence programs. They say the pandemic has created a “perfect storm” of risk factors for domestic violence, and more than half of Ohio’s domestic violence programs have reported an increase in the number of people seeking shelter or requesting services.

DeWine’s budget includes $1 million per fiscal year for domestic violence programs, but the Ohio Domestic Violence Network is lobbying for an increase to $5 million per year, the organization’s executive director Mary O’Doherty said.

Domestic violence programs have been hurt by recent cuts to grants from the Victims of Crime Act, the federal program that provides money for therapy and other services. Ohio’s domestic violence programs lost $7.7 million for the next fiscal year, and have seen budget reductions of nearly 40% over the past two years, O’Doherty said. The network is asking the state to provide more money to make up for those losses.

“We are a pretty critical part of the social safety net, and we just need to do a better job of funding these programs,” O’Doherty said.

Addressing the issues exacerbated by the pandemic

Advocates have long argued that mental health, addiction treatment and domestic violence programs have been underfunded in the U.S., resulting in limited access to treatment in many communities. The problem has been exacerbated by the pandemic because many providers were forced to limit in-person services and switch to telehealth.

Some of DeWine’s budget recommendations target the issues that have been a focus during the pandemic. For example, the recommendations include $2.25 million per year to help parents, pediatricians and teachers identify signs of mental health conditions. Experts say that could be critical, because it’s unclear how children will be affected by taking classes from home for a full year.

The recommendations maintain funding in several key areas for the ADAMHS Board, Osiecki said. The Northeast Ohio collaborative – which includes the ADAMHS Boards in Cuyahoga, Lorain, Lake, Geauga, Summit and Medina counties – could get $7.5 million for withdrawal management and crisis stabilization funding.

The recommendations also increase the state’s continuum of care budget from $76 million to $82 million; the line item pays for services like suicide prevention, crisis response and treatment and recovery services, Osiecki said. The ADAMHS Board is hoping the final budget approved by the legislature includes an increase of closer to $15 million instead of just $6 million, he said.

The recommendations also begin to address some of the state’s long-term needs, advocates said. NAMI Ohio has been advocating for years for funding for people with a debilitating mental illness who often wind up in jail or a homeless shelter.

The budget also provides funding to help people living with debilitating mental illness. That group, which Russell estimated to include 50,000 people living in Ohio, have often lacked the community support they need. The result has either been an increased burden on their families or homelessness or jail time, he said. The governor’s recommendations include $5.5 million per year to help various systems coordinate to meet their needs, and $6 million per year to improve residential facilities for adults with a serious mental illness.

Domestic violence services struggle for funding

Advocates acknowledged that money is tight during the pandemic, but there are certain areas where they’d like to see more investment.

Domestic violence services have already seen budget cuts of roughly 40% over the past two years and are expecting another 30% cut in VOCA funds next fiscal year, O’Doherty said. The result is that many shelters have been forced to lay off staff, reducing the number of workers and counselors who are available to assist women and children in crisis.

Domestic violence programs could use additional funding to hire more staff, O’Doherty said. Staffing limitations are causing many programs to struggle to meet the needs of women in crisis who are seeking help.

“Right now, our programs turn away people every day,” O’Doherty said. “It would help us meet the need.”

O’Doherty said part of the issue with funding domestic violence could be that it often goes underreported, so it’s difficult to pinpoint how prevalent it is. But a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention survey from 2015 found one in five women experience severe physical violence from an intimate partner during their lifetime.

During the pandemic, many advocates have worried that women being isolated at home with an abuser led to a decrease in calls to domestic violence hotlines early in the crisis. O’Doherty is hopeful that attention to the issue could persuade some lawmakers to increase support.

“It’s a significant social issue that families live with day in and day out. It’s just like substance abuse or mental health, or any other kind of social issue society deals with,” she said.

Moving forward

To meet the state’s long-term mental health needs, NAMI Ohio is primarily focused on changing the way the money is used, Russell said. He believes services should take an individualized approach to care, rather than a one-size-fits all approach to mental illness.

“We need to be looking at the individual with the mental illness, and not the system,” he said.

Advocates are also focused on the employees and counselors who provide services, because the strain on the workforce isn’t unique to domestic violence programs. Agencies that provide mental health and addiction treatment services have also seen significant turnover during the pandemic.

Investing in a pipeline to train and retain workers could be critical for the long term, advocates said. That would help reduce turnover and help agencies provide better services.

“The workforce was struggling even before this,” Osiecki said. “There’s not enough people to provide services. And this is throughout the whole state. Actually, the whole country.”

Are you, a family member or a friend in crisis? or do you need mental health or substance use services? Here’s a list of agencies that can help.

  • Frontline Services: 24-hour crisis hotline 216-623-6888
  • Suicide prevention hotline: 800-273-TALK or 800-SUICIDE
  • Cuyahoga County suicide prevention, mental health/addiction crisis, information and referral hotline: available 24 hours at 216-623-6888
  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Greater Cleveland: Non-crisis hotline 216-875-0266 (Monday through Friday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.)
  • Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Services (ADAMHS) Board of Cuyahoga County: Online new service finder tool
  • Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services: Online resource for COVID-19 related information and services available amid the pandemic
  • Ohio CareLine: Emotional support call service from the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Toll-free at 1-800-720-9616
  • Ohio Crisis Text Line: Text keyword “4HOPE” to 741 741
  • Find Substance Use Disorder and Mental Health Treatment: https://findtreatment.gov
  • Disaster Distress help line: available 24/7 at 1-800-985-5990 or TTY at 1-800-846-8517. Also available by texting “TalkWithUs” to 66746; Spanish-speakers can text “Hablanos” to 66746.

Governor DeWine has formed a “Homelessness Team”

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
March 30, 2020

(COLUMBUS, Ohio)—Ohio Governor Mike DeWine today announced that the Ohio Department of Health will extend its order to keep schools closed through the end of April.

Ohio’s previous order was set to expire on April 3, 2020. The new order will extend the closure through May 1, 2020.

“There is the real possibility that our schools could stay closed longer than this, but we want to give parents and teachers as much notice and flexibility as we can,” said Governor DeWine. “Schools should continue to do what they’re doing now — providing the best remote learning that they can, serving meals to students in new ways, and planning for what the rest of the year may look like.”

HOMELESSNESS TEAM: 

Governor DeWine announced today that he has formed a “Homelessness Team” to help people who may rely on homeless shelters, domestic shelters, group homes, and recovery housing – all of which pose challenges for social distancing. 

The Coalition on Housing and Homelessness in Ohio, the Ohio Chapter of the National Alliance on Mental Illness, and Ohio Recovery Housing are working as part of this team to provide localized guidelines for these shelters. They will also work to incorporate these populations into the state’s ongoing planning for access to healthcare through community health centers and planning for quarantine or isolation. 

In addition, the Ohio Housing Financing Agency Board has approved $5 million in unrestricted Agency General Fund Reserves to be used for Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Rehousing funds and Emergency Rental Assistance that will be distributed through the state’s nine Continua of Care.

The Ohio Development Services Agency has also established a $1 million Emergency Shelter Gap Funding Program to support emergency shelter providers during the COVID-19 state of emergency. The Development Services Agency will reallocate Community Development Block Grant dollars to emergency shelter providers to meet immediate needs for homeless individuals and households.

Further, the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services is directing some federal opioid response funding to help people living in recovery housing or engaged in treatment to maintain their current housing and prevent homelessness.  Federal funds will be deployed to cover additional expenses that adult care facilities are taking on because of COVID-19.

The CDC guidelines and information about all of these funding opportunities are available on coronavirus.ohio.gov, and anyone with questions can email COVID19Housing@mha.ohio.gov

BUSINESS ADVISORY GROUP: 

Governor DeWine also announced today that he will develop a business advisory group to convene over the phone to:

  1. Ensure businesses are doing everything they can to keep their employees safe;
  2. Provide recommendations (to the greatest extent possible) to mitigate the negative impact the COVID-19 crisis is having on our economy in Ohio;
  3. Provide recommendations on building a platform for economic recovery.

More details on this group will be released in the near future.

PRISONS AND PPE: 

Due to the shortage of PPE in Ohio, the inmates incarcerated at Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction prisons have begun making some of these necessary healthcare supplies.

So far, inmates have made 500 hospital gowns and will make 44,000 more when they get additional fabric.  Inmates will also begin making cough masks – similar to surgical masks — and will be able to make 5,000 a day up to a total of 2 million.  They will also make hand sanitizer. and face shields.  Each prison with its own workshop will also make masks for the people in those prisons.

CURRENT OHIO DATA: 

There are 1,933 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Ohio and 39 deaths. A total of 475 people have been hospitalized, including 163 admissions to intensive care units. In-depth data can be accessed by visiting coronavirus.ohio.gov.

Video of today’s full update, including versions with foreign language closed captioning, can be viewed on the Ohio Channel’s YouTube page.

For more information on Ohio’s response to COVID-19, visit coronavirus.ohio.gov or call 1-833-4-ASK-ODH.

 

Memo from OhioMHAS for Families

COVID-19, also known as the Coronavirus, presents a major challenge to the behavior health system to be able to provide optimal services to adults, children and families in the State of Ohio.  The purpose of this memorandum is to make sure you know some of the directions that many of the behavioral health providers are instituting because of this virus.

First they are committed to the primary mission of providing service during this time but they must also must be committed to make sure their workforce and the persons served are protected at all times.  So, some of the changes you may experience are:

  • Home visits – may be limited, unless major crisis
    • Should ask these questions to help determine if they can come to the home:
  1. Do you currently have symptoms of corona virus (cough, fever of 100.4®F or higher or shortness of breath )?
  2. Have you had direct personal contact with someone who is positive for the corona virus?
  3. Have you been tested for the coronavirus?
  • Office visits – a number of offices are not accepting walk in for appointments and many are trying to reschedule appointments or conducting telehealth appointments
  • Telehealth – will have your meeting with worker via electronically such as face time, skype, etc.
  • Trainings, conferences, and larger meetings are being cancelled, you should contact the provider agency via telephone to make sure of all cancellations

If the you or your family members have symptoms please stay home and contact the Ohio Department of Health at (614) 466-3543 or 833-427-5634) for further guidance, which may include a recommendation for a self-imposed isolation of 14 days.

COVID-19 Resources to parents during this time:

Template Essential Employee Letter

Below is a downloadable template Essential Employee Letter in accordance with today’s Stay at Home Order by the Director of Health that you can customize for your employee’s needs. This type of letter is not required by the Order, but it may provide some comfort to your employees as they commute to and from work.  In addition to the template attached, you will also want to consider a few, but important, employment considerations.  These range from ensuring that employees know of the employer’s expectation that they continue showing up for work to taking steps to comply with the specific, employment-related considerations in the “stay at home” order.  Providers should consult employment counsel for guidance on these issues.

Template Draft – OPRA Essential Employee